Research Groups

Lab of Biological Oceanography & Benthic Ecology


Research Interests

1. Biological Oceanography and Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics

2. Structure and function of marine Food Web

3. Marine Benthic Ecology and Biodiversity

4. Quality Assessment of Marine Ecological Environment

5. Taxonomy and phylogeny of marine benthos

6. Deep-Sea and Polar Benthos

7. Marine Microplastics

Group Members


Dr. LIU Xiaoshou  刘晓收


Dr. ZHOU Hong  周红


Dr. YU Zishan  于子山

Associate Professor

Dr. MU Fanghong  慕芳红

Associate Professor

WANG Hualong

Dr. HUA Er  华尔

Associate Professor


6 projects of General Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)

3 projects of Young Scientists Fund Program of National Natural Science Foundation (NSFC)

1 project of Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)

1 project of Biodiversity Investigation and Assessment of Ministry of Ecology and Environment

1 project of General Program of Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province

1 Project of Qingdao Municipal Marine Development Bureau (participant)

1 project of Special Program of the Ocean Public Welfare Scientific Research (core participant)

1 project of Special Program for Basic Research of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of the People's Republic of China (participant)

4 projects of Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (PI)

1 project of Hong Kong RGC Competitive Embarked Research Grant (participant)

2 projects of Special Program of State Oceanic Administration People’s Republic of China (SOAC) (PI and participant)

3 projects of 908 Special of State Oceanic Administration People’s Republic of China (SOAC) (participant)

1 project of Ecological Monitoring Program in the Mai Po Natural Reserve and Ramsar Site (AFCD, Hong Kong SAR Government, participant)

1 project of National Key Development Project “973” (participant)

1 project of Scientific Research Starting Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, Ministry of Education of China (PI)

Representative Publications and Achievements

Cui, C.Y., Zhang, Z.N., Hua, E*. Meiofaunal Community Spatial Distribution and Diversity as Indicators of Ecological Quality in the Bohai Sea, China. Journal of Ocean University of China. 2021, 20 (2): 409-420

Hua, E., Zhu, Y.M., Huang, D.M., Liu, X.S*. Are free-living nematodes effective environmental quality indicators? Insights from Bohai Bay, China. Ecological Indicators. 2021, 127: 107756.

Yang, X.J., Cui, W.Y., Zhang, M.S., Chen, C., Yu, Z.S*. Preliminary Study on the Ecology of Macrobenthos in Jiaozhou Bay. Advances in Marine Science. 2021, 39(1): 89-101.

Cui, W.Y., Yang, X. J., Zhang, M.S., Chen, C., Yu, Z.S*. Diversity and community structure of the macrobenthos in Jiaozhou Bay in spring. Marine Sciences. 2020, 44 (372) (06): 101-109.

Li, F., Mu, F.H., Liu, X.S., Xu, X.Y., Cheung, S.G*. Predator prey interactions between predatory gastropod Reishia clavigera, barnacle Amphibalanus amphitrite amphitrite and mussel Brachidontes variabilis under ocean acidification. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2020, 152: 110895.

Zhong, X., Qiu, B.C., Liu, X.S*. Functional diversity patterns of macrofauna in the adjacent waters of the Yangtze River Estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2020, 154: 111032.

Hua, E., Sun, Y.T., Zhang, Z.N., He, L., Cui, C.Y., Mu, F.H*. Effects of reduced seawater pH on nematode community composition and diversity in sandy sediments. Marine Environmental Research. 2019, 150: 105773.

Ni, D.P., Zhang, Z.N., Liu, X.S*. Benthic ecological quality assessment of the Bohai Sea, China using marine biotic indices. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2019, 142: 457-464.

Queirós, A.M.*, Stephens, N., Widdicombe, S., Tait, K., McCoy, S.J., Ingels, J., Rühl, S., Airs, R., Beesley, A., Carnovale, G., Cazenave, P., Dashfield, S., Hua, E., Jones, M., Lindeque, P., McNeill, C. L., Nunes, J., Parry, H., Pascoe, C., Widdicombe, C., Smyth, T., Atkinson, A. Krause-Jensen, D., Somerfiel, P. J.d. Connected macroalgal-sediment systems: blue carbon and food webs in the deep coastal ocean. Ecological Monographs. 2019, 89(3):e01366.

Wang, J., Wang, M.X., Ru, S.G., Liu, X.S*. High levels of microplastic pollution in the sediments and benthic organisms of the South Yellow Sea, China. Science of the Total Environment. 2019, 651(2): 1661–1669.

Wang, X.X., Liu, X.S.*, Xu, J.S*. Distribution patterns of meiofauna assemblages and their relationship with environmental factors of deep sea adjacent to the Yap Trench, Western Pacific Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019, 6: 725.

Li, F., Shi, J.H., Cheung, S.G., Shin, P.K.S., Liu, X.S., Sun, Y., Mu, F.H*. The combined effects of elevated pCO2 and food availability on Tigriopus japonicus Mori larval development, reproduction, and superoxide dismutase activity. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2018, 126:623-628.

Liu, X.S.*, Liu, Q.H., Zhang, Y., Hua, E., Zhang, Z.N. Effects of Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass on marine nematodes based on biological trait analysis. Marine Environmental Research. 2018, 141: 167-185.

Zhao, F.Q., Liu W.X., Sui, J.X., Qu, F.Y., Tu. L.L. Zhang, M.S., Zhong, H.X., Yu, Z.S*. Preliminary Study on the Characteristics of Macrobenthic Community in Autumn in the Coastal Waters of Shandong. Advances in Marine Science. 2018, 36(01): 117-127.

Zhong, H.X., Qu, F.Y., Sui, J.X., Zhang, M.S., Tu, L.L., Zhao, F.Q., Yu, Z.S*. Abundance, biomass and community structure of macrobenthos in southern coast of Shandong Province in spring. Marine Science Bulletin. 2018, 37 (216) (01). 88-98.

Mu, F.H., Huys, R*. New Mesopsyllus species from the Bohai Sea, China, re-evaluation of the validity of Vibriopsyllus Kornev & Chertoprud, 2008 and proposal of Sympodella gen. n. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Canthocamptidae). ZooKeys. 2017, 718: 1-33.

Wang, L., Fan, Y., Yan, C.J., Gao, C.Z., Xu, Z.D., Liu, X.S*. Assessing benthic ecological impacts of bottom aquaculture using macrofaunal assemblages. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2017, 114(1): 258-268.

Zhang, M.S., Qu, F.Y., Sui, J.X., Zhong, H.X., Zhao, F.Q., Tu. L.L., Yu, Z.S*. Diversity and Community Structure of Macrobenthos in Southern Coast of Shandong Peninsula in Winter. Periodical of Ocean University of China. 2017, 47 (273) (S1): 58-66.

Zhang, Z.N., Liu, S.M., Zhou, H. et al. Secondary Production and Biological Diversity of Marine Benthos in the Bohai Sea. 2017, Scientific Press: Beijing.

Zhang, Z.N.*, Zhou, H., Hua, E., Mu, F.H., Liu, X.S., Yu, Z.S. Meiofauna study for the forty years in China——progress and prospect. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 2017, 48: 657-671.

Hua, E., Zhang, Z.N.*, Zhou, H., Mu, F.H., Li, J., Zhang, T., Cong, B.Q., Liu, X.S. Meiofauna Distribution in Intertidal Sandy Beaches Along China Shoreline (18°–40°N). Journal of Ocean University of China. 2016, 15 (1): 19-27.

Hua, E., Mu, F.H.*, Zhang, Z.N., Yang, S.C., Zhang, T., Li, J. Nematode Community Structure and Diversity Pattern in Sandy Beaches of Qingdao, China. Journal of Ocean University of China. 2016, 15 (1): 33-40.

Xu, M., Liu, Q.H., Zhang, Z.N., Liu, X.S*. Response of free-living marine nematodes to the southern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2016, 105(1): 58-64.

Cao, Z.Q., Mu, F.H.*, Wei, X.H., Sun, Y.T. Influence of CO2-induced seawater acidification on the development and lifetime reproduction of Tigriopus japonicus Mori, 1938. Journal of Natural History. 2015, 49(45-48): 2813-2826.

Liu, X.S.*, Wang, L., Li, S., Huo, Y.Z., He, P.M., Zhang, Z.N. Quantitative distribution and functional groups of intertidal macrofaunal assemblages in Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, South Shetland Islands, Southern Ocean. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2015, 99(1-2): 284-291.

Liu, X.S.*, Huang, D.M., Zhu, Y.M., Chang, T.Y., Liu, Q.H., Huang, L., Zhao, W., Lin, K.X., Liu, L.S. Bioassessment of marine sediment quality using meiofaunal assemblage in a semi-enclosed bay. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2015, 100(1): 92-101.

Hua, E, Zhang, Z.N.*, Zhou, H., Liu, X.S. Biodiversity of free-living marine nematodes in the Yangtze River estuary and its adjacent waters. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 2014, 127 (1): 23-34.

Sun, X.Y., Zhou, H.*, Hua, E., Xu, S.H., Cong, B.Q., Zhang Z.N. Meiofauna and its sedimentary environment as an integrated indication of anthropogenic disturbance to sandy beach ecosystems. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2014, 88: 260-267.

Hua, E., Zhang, Z.N.*, Warwick, R.M., Deng, K., Lin, K.X., Wang, R.Z., Yu, Z.S. Pattern of benthic biomass size spectra from shallow waters in the East China Seas. Marine Biology. 2013, 160: 1723-1736.

Zhou, H.*, Zhang, Z.N., Liu, X.S., Hua, E. Decadal change in sublittoral macrofaunal biodiversity in the Bohai Sea, China. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2012, 64: 2364-2373.

Hua, E., Zhang, Z.N.*, Yu, Z.S., Zhang, Y. Preliminary study on immediate response of nematode community to typhoon Soudelor. Deep-Sea Research Ⅱ. 2010, 57: 1064–1070.

Zhou, H., Fend, S.V., Gustafson, D.L., Wit, P.D., Erséus, C*. Molecular phylogeny of Nearctic species of Rhynchelmis (Annelida). Zoologica Scripta. 2010, 39: 378-393.

Zhou, H.*, Hua, E., Zhang, Z.N. Taxonomic distinctness of macrofauna as an ecological indicator in Laizhou Bay and adjacent waters. Journal of Ocean University of China. 2010, 9: 350-358.

Zhou, H.*, Zhang Z.N., Chen, H.Y., Sun, R.H., Wang, H., Guo, L., Pan, H.J. Integrating a DNA barcoding project with an ecological survey: a case study on temperate intertidal polychaete communities in Qingdao, China. Chinese Journal of Oceanography and Limnology. 2010, 28: 899-910.

Sundberg, P.*, Thuroczy, E., Zhou, H., Strand, M. Polymorphism hides cryptic species in Oerstedia dorsalis (Nemertea, Hoplonemertea). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 2009, 98: 556-567.

Hua, E., Zhang, Z.N.*. Four Newly Recorded Free-living Marine Nematodes (Comesomatidae) from the East China Sea. Journal of Ocean University of China. 2007, 6 (1): 26-32.

Zhou H., Li F.L., Wang, W. Fauna Sinica, Invertebrata Vol. 46, Sipuncula, Echiura. 2007. Science Press: Beijing.

Zhou, H., Zhang, Z.N.*, Liu, X.S., Tu, L.H., Yu, Z.S. Changes in the shelf macrobenthic community over large temporal and spatial scales in the Bohai Sea, China. Journal of Marine Systems. 2007, 67: 312-321.

Mu, F.H., Huys, R*. Canuellidae (Copepoda,Harpacticoida) from the Bohai Sea, China. Journal of Natural History. 2004, 38: 1-36.

Mu, F.H., Somerfield, P. J.*, Zhang Z.N. Large-scale spatial patterns in the community structure of benthic harpacticoid copepods in the Bohai Sea, China. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 2002, 50(1): 17-26.

Mu, F.H., Huys, R*. New species of Stenhelia (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Diosaccidae) from the Bohai Sea with notes on subgeneric division and phylogenetic relationships. Cahiers De Biologie Marine. 2002, 43: 179-206.

Mu, F.H., Gee, M. Two new species of Bulbamphiascus (Copepoda: Harpacticoida: Diosaccidae) and a related new genus, from the Bohai Sea, China. Cahiers De Biologie Marine. 2000, 41: 103-135.